- Why HIV Care Providers Should Discuss Marijuana Use With Their Patients
- Cannabis and HIV/AIDS
- How Does Marijuana Affect People With HIV?
- Cannabis and HIV: So much more than palliative aid
Why HIV Care Providers Should Discuss Marijuana Use With Their Patients
Long used to treat weight loss and manage pain in people with HIV, research the pain, nausea, weight loss, and depression that can accompany infection. or is the use of marijuana in treating HIV all buzz and no benefit?.2017
Smoking cannabis increased the risk of pulmonary diseases — especially those with an infectious cause — independent of smoking and CD4 cell count. No independent associations were detected between smoking cannabis and lung disease in HIV-negative men, showing that HIV-positive individuals are especially vulnerable to lung disease caused by smoking the drug. The authors believe their findings are of relevance to the care of people with HIV and that addressing smoked cannabis use could help reduce rates of pulmonary disease. It is well known that people with HIV have an increased risk of lung disease. This is partly because of the high rates of smoking among HIV-positive individuals. However, the damage caused by HIV infection and immune suppression are also important causes. Research involving HIV-negative people has shown that smoking cannabis is a risk factor for respiratory symptoms such as cough and wheezing, as well as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD and emphysema.
More and more studies are surfacing that show just how important cannabis may be for the treatment of HIV. Support for medicinal marijuana has reached an all-time high in the United States. People with HIV have long realized that cannabis can ease many HIV-related conditions, including nausea, loss of appetite, depression, weight loss, and neuropathic pain. In addition to treating common symptoms of HIV and side effects of antiretroviral drugs, research indicates that cannabis may help fight HIV itself. An increasing number of scientific studies, conducted at well-known institutions and published in prominent medical journals, are revealing antiviral effects of cannabis against HIV. These studies detail diverse approaches in measuring favorable effects that cannabis may have in slowing HIV disease progression. By stimulating activation of CB2 with cannabinoid receptor antagonists, Mount Sinai researchers decreased the ability of HIV to infect cells that utilize CXCR4, reducing the frequency of infected cells by 30 to 60 percent.
Cannabis and HIV/AIDS
I'm HIV Positive. Here's How Marijuana Is Saving My Life
How Does Marijuana Affect People With HIV?
Human immunodeficiency virus HIV , as the name implies, harms the immune system. HIV produces this effect by killing specific white blood cells CD4 T cells , otherwise known as T-helper cells , which are in charge of destroying pathogens. Infections are caused by either bacteria or viruses, and CD4 T cells react to those threats in two distinct ways:. These newly created white blood cells create markers called antibodies, which can identify the same foreign invader throughout the body. Antibodies attach to bacteria and viruses, but also to infected cells, marking them for destruction by the immune system. If left untreated, HIV spreads to such an extent that the immune function is so diminished that the body cannot protect itself anymore, leading to various dangerous infections.
Piyasakol said yesterday that there has been no scientific study indicating that marijuana can be used to cure HIV, the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome Aids. His remarks came after a media report that a bed-ridden HIV patient in Phetchabun province showed signs of improvement after consuming cannabis oil for three weeks. The patient could speak and move more freely, it said, adding that she no longer needed to rely on others for her daily routine. The minister said he has instructed his Office of Permanent Secretary and Phetchabun's chief public health official to find facts regarding this matter. We just want to see if it's true.
Cannabis and HIV: So much more than palliative aid
Marijuana has been used by people living with HIV since the early days of the epidemic. Today, a growing number of people with HIV may be using marijuana, and the drug itself has changed dramatically from a plant that's usually smoked to a diverse menu of plant-based and synthetic products. In the U. Gill emphasized why it's important for clinicians to stay up-to-date on the latest science on how weed affects some HIV medications, and to understand where there are gaps in scientific knowledge. Clinicians should realize that many of their patients are using cannabis products, even if they're not disclosing that information. But today's cannabis products are fundamentally different from the marijuana older people may have smoked in their youth. And, with the decriminalization and legalization of marijuana in many states, people are increasingly using highly potent products like vapor, edibles, and wax.
HIV clinicians in particular need to take note of their patients' marijuana use, as some drugs can impact the metabolism of HIV antiretrovirals.
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From the earliest days of the HIV epidemic, marijuana cannabis has been used to treat many of the complications of disease, ranging from the symptoms of HIV wasting syndrome to side effects associated with antiretroviral drug use. There have even been suggestions that marijuana may afford long-term benefits by effectively slowing—or even preventing—progression of the disease. So what are the facts? Are there any studies to support these claims, or is the use of marijuana in treating HIV all buzz and no benefit? From the earlys to the mids, HIV was a major contributor to death and illness in the United States. This is due, in large part, to the fact that laws regulating marijuana use have constrained rigorous scientific investigation. By contrast, studies supporting the use of Marinol have been relatively well established.
NCBI Bookshelf. Mack A, Joy J. Marijuana as Medicine? The Science Beyond the Controversy. Although no comprehensive surveys have been conducted on medical marijuana users in the United States, small-scale polls indicate that most are seeking relief from symptoms of AIDS. For example, each of the three California cannabis buyers' clubs—organizations that provide marijuana to patients—visited by the IOM team reported that more than 60 percent of their members requested the drug for AIDS treatment. Age is often cited as the reason why such a large proportion of medical marijuana users in the United States are people with AIDS this is not the case elsewhere; in Great Britain, for example, multiple sclerosis appears to predominate among medical marijuana users.